Issue 2 / 2021

Article: Research on sound absorption properties of hydrogenated carboxyl nitrile rubber/four-hole hollow polyester fibre composites

Author: JIE HONG
Pages: 117-125
DOI: 10.35530/IT.072.02.1547
Published online: April 2021

Abstract

A series composite was prepared by adding hydrogenated carboxyl nitrile rubber (abbreviated HXNBR) as the matrix and four-hole hollow polyester (abbreviated FHHPF) as the reinforcement. The sound absorption properties of these composites were studied. The results show that with the increasing of FHHPF quantity, the storage modulus increases and the loss factor decreases gradually. On the contrary, the sound absorption performance of the composite was improved continuously. Composite with 40% FHHPF in 1 mm thickness is the best. The sound absorption coefficient reached to 0.651 at 2500 Hz and the effective frequency range of absorption coefficient above 0.2 was 1750-2500 Hz. When the amount of FHHPF increased to 50%, negative effects of overuse shown up, that led to the decreasing of the sound absorption property. With a constant mass ratio 70/30 of HXNBR/FHHPF composite, the sound absorption performance can be enhanced by changing its thickness. However, the improvement was smaller after the thickness increased to 2 mm. When increasing the thickness above 2 mm, the improvement of sound absorption performance tended to move to the middle and low frequency. In the meantime, the tensile mechanical properties of the composite were significantly improved by adding FHHPF. Tensile tenacity was improved greatly and the breaking elongation is significantly decreased. The deformation of the composite was smaller and more stable, which was beneficial for the actual engineering practice.
Keywords: hydrogenated carboxyl nitrile rubber, hollow polyester, sound absorption, damping, composite

Citation: Hong, J., Research on sound absorption properties of hydrogenated carboxyl nitrile rubber/four-hole hollow polyester fibre composites, In: Industria Textila, 2021, 72, 2, 117–125,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.072.02.1547

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Article: Location selection for a textile manufacturing facility with GIS based on hybrid MCDM approach

Authors: ALPTEKIN ULUTAŞ, CAN BÜLENT KARAKUŞ
Pages 126-132 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.072.02.1736
Published online: April 2021

Abstract

The establishment of a textile manufacturing facility in any city of a country is a very significant decision since it will have a significant positive effect on the economy of both the city and the country and reduce unemployment in the city. Even though it is a very important decision to establish a textile manufacturing facility, there are very few studies on the location selection of the textile manufacturing facility. This study aims to propose a new integrated MCDM model including FUCOM and PIV-F with GIS to fill this research gap. The criteria used in this study are as follows; Proximity to Airport (PA), Proximity to Highway (PH), Proximity to Shopping Centre (PSC), Proximity to Railway (PR), Proximity to Retailer Centre (PRC), Proximity to Supplier Centre (PSCT), Slope of Land (SL) and Distance to Population Density (DPD). FUCOM was used to obtain criteria weights. PR criterion was designated as the most important criterion with respect to the results of FUCOM. PIV-F method was used to rank suitable areas for a textile manufacturing facility in Sivas province of Turkey. According to the results of PIV-F, Area-4 was determined as the most suitable area for the establishment of a textile manufacturing facility in Sivas province. This study aims to make two contributions to the literature. First, the fuzzy extension of the PIV method is newly developed. Second, a new integrated MCDM-GIS model is used to select the location for the textile manufacturing facility.
Keywords: MCDM, location selection, GIS, PIV-F, FUCOM

Citation: Ulutaş, A., Karakuş, C.B., Location selection for a textile manufacturing facility with GIS based on hybrid MCDM approach, In: Industria Textila, 2021, 72, 2, 126–132,   http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.072.02.1736

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Article: A preliminary study of printed electronics through flexography impression on flexible substrates

Authors: ANA M. RODES-CARBONELL, JOSUÉ FERRI, EDUARDO GARCIA-BREIJO, EVA BOU-BELDA
Pages 133-137 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.072.02.202024
Published online: April 2021

Abstract

The work is framed within Printed Electronics, an emerging technology for the manufacture of electronic products. Among the different printing methods, the roll-to-roll flexography technique is used because it allows continuous manufacturing and high productivity at low cost. Apart from the process parameters, the ink and the substrate properties are some of the variables associated with the flexographic printing. Specifically, this study investigates the ink penetration, the print uniformity, the adhesion, the fastness, and the electrical behaviour of the same conductive silver ink printed on different flexible substrates through the flexography process. In addition to polymeric and siliconized paper substrates, which are typical used in printed electronics, two substrates were also chosen for the study: woven and nonwoven fabric. Optical, scanning electronic microscope (SEM), 4-point Kelvin and colour fastness to wash and rubbing analyses have been performed. The results concluded that, regarding the conductivity behaviour, porous substrates like textiles and nonwoven fabrics without pre and post treatments do not present acceptable results, whereas polymers or silicone papers do. Nevertheless, woven and nonwoven fabrics are a suitable early option regarding colour fastness to wash instead of thin polymeric and paper substrates that tear at the wash machine. A solution for an optimal printing on textiles would be the surface substrates pre-treatment by applying different chemical compounds that increase the adhesion of the ink on the fabric.
Keywords: smart textile, wearable, printed-electronics, conductivity, flexography

Citation: Rodes-Carbonell, A.M., Ferri, J., Garcia-Breijo, E., Bou-Belda, E., A preliminary study of printed electronics through flexography impression on flexible substrates, In: Industria Textila, 2021, 72, 2, 133–137,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.072.02.202024


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Article: Assessing the presence of pesticides in modern and contemporary textile artifacts using advanced analysis techniques

Authors: ELENA-CORNELIA MITRAN, IRINA-MARIANA SANDULACHE, LUCIA-OANA SECAREANU, MIHAELA CRISTINA LITE, OVIDIU GEORGE IORDACHE, ELENA PERDUM, GABRIEL-LUCIAN RADU
Pages 138-143 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.072.02.1828
Published online: April 2021

Abstract

The examination of contemporary textiles continuously offers amazing perspectives of the past for anyone who explores them. The ethnographic textile pieces are complex, both from the perspective of the component materials and regarding the techniques used for their manufacture. The action of conserving the cultural and artistic patrimony is firstly a matter of scientific research and then of technical execution. However, the possible health effects on the personnel, which are directly involved in the actions of sampling, conservation or restoration of the textile art objects, must always be taken into consideration. Textile objects can be contaminated with various toxic residues (e.g., pesticides). When investigating archaeological, modern and contemporary textiles it is very important to maintain the integrity of the artifacts, as they cannot be replaced, and the consumption or damage of even a small part of them for analytical purposes should be undertaken only if the data cannot be obtained differently. For determining the presence of pesticides in the samples they must be subjected to processes such as: extraction, enrichment of samples, isolation, identification, and quantification.
Given the above, the most common methods of extraction and determination of pesticides present in textile artifacts were briefly discussed. Punctually, the analytical techniques used in the case of three selected pesticides (malathion, methoxychlor and permethrin) were evaluated.
Keywords: GC-MS, SPME, malathion, methoxychlor, permethrin

Citation: Mitran, E.-C., Sandulache, I.-M., Secareanu, L.-O., Lite, M.C., Iordache, O.G., Perdum, E., Radu, G.-L., Assessing the presence of pesticides in modern and contemporary textile artefacts using advanced analysis techniques, In: Industria Textila, 2021, 72, 2, 138–143,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.072.02.1828

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Article: Effect of filaments diameter on the mechanical properties of wrap hybrid CFRP

Authors: FANGTAO RUAN, CHENGLONG XIA, LI YANG, ZHENZHEN XU, FEIYAN TAO
Pages 144-148 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.072.02.1733
Published online: April 2021

Abstract

In this paper, the vine-like structure of carbon bundles was designed through polyester fibre wrapping for better mechanical properties. The effect of wrapped hybrid structure and diameters of polyester fibre on the mechanical properties of carbon-polyester fibre/epoxy unidirectional composites was investigated experimentally. Five kinds of specimens with different polyester filament diameters were produced. The impact, tensile and unidirectional compressive properties of WHC (Wrap Hybrid Composite) were measured. Experimental results show that: it can be developed with strength and toughness properties far superior to those of their constituents, the compressive fracture morphology of specimens indicated that the fracture patterns of composites depend on wrapped hybrid structure, polyester fibres with higher tensile strengths provide better impact resistance, while thinner wrapping fibres enhance the compression properties of the composite material more effectively. The diameter of the wrapping fibre should be optimized as per the application of the composite material. The vine-like structure can provide a new design method for the structural design of continue fibre reinforced composite materials.
Keywords: fibre reinforced polymer, wrapped hybrid, compression failure, impact energy

Citation: Ruan, F., Xia, C., Yang, L., Xu, Z., Tao, F., Effect of filaments diameter on the mechanical properties of wrap hybrid CFRP, In: Industria Textila, 2021, 72, 2, 144–148,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.072.02.1733

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Article: Statistical analysis of the 3D electroconductive composites based on copper and graphene

Authors: RALUCA MARIA AILENI, LAURA CHIRIAC, DOINA TOMA
Pages 149-155 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.072.02.20207
Published online: April 2021

Abstract

This paper presents several aspects of the multivariate analysis of electroconductive composite based on Copper (Cu) and Graphene. The analysis was developed by using the parameters (dependent and independent variables), which characterize the composite materials with electroconductive properties. The experimental samples were obtained by using 100% cotton fabrics with different structures. The goals followed through the variation of the fabric structures (e.g., plain weave, twill, panama, ribs) were to investigate if the fabric structure or ratio has or not influence on electroconductive properties of the textile materials obtained by conductive coating. The samples created were based on standard, and 3D digital printing technologies, more specifically on the textile surface, have deposited conductive paste containing copper microparticles and graphene filaments. The initial coating with conductive polymeric paste based Cu was developed by scraping of the paste on the fabric. Previously the 3D printing advanced technology by fused deposition modeling (FDM) of the Conductive Graphene filaments was used.
Keywords: composites, textile, electroconductive, resistance, conductive, copper, microparticles, sensors, 3D, Graphene

Citation: Aileni, R.M., Chiriac, L., Toma, D., Statistical analysis of the 3D electroconductive composites based on copper and graphene, In: Industria Textila, 2021, 72, 2, 149–155,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.072.02.20207

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Article: Permeability properties of woven fabrics containing two-ply fancy yarns

Authors: MIHA POZDEREC, DUNJA ŠAJN GORJANC
Pages 156-167 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.072.02.1712
Published online: April 2021

Abstract

The basic intention of the presented research is to analyse the permeability properties of woven fabrics containing two-ply fancy yarns in the weft direction. Within the framework of presented research, two-ply fancy yarns were analysed. Because of their structure, they are classified as fancy yarns with structural effects. The first analysed two-ply fancy yarn is made of the mixture of 81% cotton and 19% viscose. The second is made of the mixture of 67% viscose and 33% flax. For the purpose of the presented research, woven fabrics containing two-ply fancy yarn were made in three different densities in weft (10 threads per cm, 13 threads per cm, and 16 threads per cm) in the twill weave T 1/3 Z. The theoretical part includes the historical development of the production of the fancy yarns, a detailed discussion of the ring production processes, the types and the structure of the fancy yarns, their use, and the global and European market of the fancy yarns. The experimental part consists of three parts. In the first part, the structural properties of the analysed fancy yarns were researched (the fineness of the fancy yarn, the frequency of repeating the effects per one meter of the yarn, the direction of twisting the fancy yarn, the number of the twists of the basic and the effective part, the diameter of the fibers, the diameter of the basic and the effective part, the fineness of individual components, the direction of the twist of individual components, and the percentage of the inside twist of individual components). In the second part, constructional properties of the analysed woven fabrics with the fancy yarn in the weft were researched (mass, thickness, the density of the warp and weft threads, and openness of the surface). In the third part, permeability properties of the analysed woven fabrics with the fancy yarn in the weft were researched where greater attention was paid to air permeability and water vapour permeability. The results of the research showed that the samples with the first two-ply fancy yarn in the weft (81% cotton and 19% viscose) have greater air permeability and water vapour permeability. Meanwhile, the samples with the second two-ply fancy yarn in the weft (67% viscose and 33% flax) have lesser abrasion resistance and poorer dimensional stability while being washed.
Keywords: two-ply fancy yarn, air permeability, water vapour permeability

Citation: Pozderec, M., Gorjanc, D.Š., Permeability properties of woven fabrics containing two-ply fancy yarns, In: Industria Textila, 2021, 72, 2, 156–167,   http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.072.02.1712

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Article: Thermal and evaporative resistance measured in a vertically and a horizontally oriented air gap by Permetest skin model

Authors: FREDERICK FUNG, LUBOS HES, ROSHAN UNMAR, VLADIMIR BAJZIK
Pages 168-174 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.072.02.202038
Published online: April 2021

Abstract

This paper is a study of the correlation of the thermal resistance (Rct) and the evaporative resistance (Ret) in vertically and horizontally oriented air gaps by using the portable Permetest skin model. Experiments were done in a climatic chamber; an isothermal condition for Ret tests and non-isothermal condition for Rct tests. Foamed polyethylene air gap distance rings were prepared with a thickness of 2, 4 and 5 mm and their combinations to simulate the air gap distance from 0 to 16 mm which is more than the expected average gap in clothing systems. Test samples were woven fabric of 100 percent cotton, 100 percent polyester and their blends plus 100 percent of polypropylene, all have similar weight and structure. Results showed that with the increasing thickness of the air gap, Rct increased in a polynomial trend and Ret in a linear proportional rate up to 12 mm then started to change due to the effect of free convection and the different properties of materials. The surprising positive observation is that results from the horizontally and vertically oriented air gaps are very similar, and most of the results from the vertical air gap are slightly lower than the results from the horizontal air gap in all materials.
Keywords: evaporative resistance, thermal resistance, Permetest skin model, vertical orientation, horizontal orientation, woven materials

Citation: Fung, F., Hes, L., Unmar, R., Bajzik, V., Thermal and evaporative resistance measured in a vertically and a horizontally oriented air gap by Permetest skin model, In: Industria Textila, 2021, 72, 2, 168–174,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.072.02.202038

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Article: Measuring the effectiveness of signals approach in an early warning system for crises and its impact on textile industry: a case study for South-East Asia

Authors: MUHAMMAD ZAHID NAEEM, CRISTI SPULBAR, ABDULLAH EJAZ, RAMONA BIRAU, TIBERIU HORAȚIU GORUN, CRISTIAN REBEGEA
Pages 175-190 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.072.02.1780
Published online: April 2021

Abstract

Following the work of Kaminsky, Lizondo, and Reinhart (1997), Signals Extraction Approach has been adopted with some extensions for South-East Asian (SEA) region to investigate the performance of the technique as an Early Warning System (EWS) during Asian Financial Crisis (AFC) and Global Financial Crisis (GFC). This approach is very original in the context of investigating the impact on the dynamics of the textile industry in South-East Asia. Two additional approaches namely Signal to Noise Balance (STNB) and Kuipers Score (KS) have also been utilised. Outcome suggested that variables performed well both during AFC and GFC. However, predictive ability of variables was less during GFC compared to the AFC indicating that there may exist some complex phenomenon which requires composite statistical methods.
Keywords: early warning system, financial crises, signals, signals to noise balance, Kuipers score, South-East Asia, textile industry

Citation: Naeem, M.Z., Spulbar, C., Ejaz, A., Birau, R., Rebegea, C., Measuring the effectiveness of signals approach in an early warning system for crises and its impact on textile industry: a case study for South-East Asia, In: Industria Textila, 2021, 72, 2, 175–190,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.072.02.1780

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Article: Analysis and forecast of textile industry technology innovation capability in China

Authors: QIAN XU, HUA CHENG, YABIN YU
Pages 191-197 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.072.02.1759
Published online: April 2021

Abstract

The textile industry of China has been facing with fierce competition and transformational pressures. It is of great significance to study the evolution of textile industry’s technological progress and to predict the trends. The study analyses the technological innovation ability of China’s textile industry based on the data of 270,145 patent applications from 1987 to 2016. At the same time, the Logistic model is used to forecast the technology innovation capability of China’s textile industry. The study found out: the number of Chinese textile patent applications is on a upward trend; enterprises and universities are the most important patentee; the regional distribution of textile technology innovation is uneven; the number of patent applications in the southeast coastal areas is the largest; the distribution of the IPC is also uneven, D06 (fabric treatment) having the largest number of patent applications and the fastest growth rate; China’s textile industry technology innovation has entered a maturity stage in 2018, and will enter the recession stage after 2027 based on the Logistic model.
Keywords: textile industry, patent analysis, technology life cycle, S-shaped Growth Curvetrend forecast

Citation: Xu, Q., Cheng, H., Yu, Y., Analysis and forecast of textile industry technology innovation capability in China, In: Industria Textila, 2021, 72, 2, 191–197,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.072.02.1759

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Article: Optimisation of accounting model of inventory management in the textile industry

Authors: IVAN MILOJEVIĆ, SNEŽANA KRSTIĆ, MIHAILO ĆURČIĆ
Pages 198-202 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.072.02.1769
Published online: April 2021

Abstract

The supply system consists of several elements, which in their characteristics are distinguished in the overall structure of the supply system. They are defined uniquely in accordance with the function they perform, and in reality they appear at all levels of the budget system organization. Functioning of the supply system is possible only with the existence of certain inventories or reserves of material assets. The stocks represent the prescribed and determined quantities of material assets stored in the warehouses in order to ensure the normal functioning of the institutions.
Using the supplies management accounting model in textile industry is providing a continuous provision of equipment. This is essential to reach the adequate level of competence, which is in line with autonomous budget financing companies. Taking into account the specificity of the institutions, with an emphasis on the quality of the equipment, there is also the possibility for savings in maintaining them.
The aim of this paper is to present how the inventory management accounting system can optimize costs in the textile industry due to the full satisfaction of the optimal supply criterion.
Keywords: textile, management, accounting, model, supplies, efficiency

Citation: Milojević, I., Krstić, S., Ćurčić, M., Optimisation of accounting model of inventory management in the textile industry, In: Industria Textila, 2021, 72, 2, 198–202,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.072.02.1769

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Article: Effect of silk sericin pre-treatment on dyeability of woollen fabric

Authors: CENGIZ ONUR ESER, ARZU YAVAS
Pages 203-209 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.072.02.1771
Published online: April 2021

Abstract

Silk fibres consist of sericin and fibroin. 20–25% of silk fibre is sericin. Sericin is biodegradable, antibacterial, and UV resistant. In this study, silk sericin protein was applied to wool fabric as a pre-treatment. Wool fabrics pre-treated with silk sericin were dyed with Eriofast Red B and Eriofast Blue 3R dyestuffs. Colour and reflectance measurements of the dyed wool samples were carried out. Washing, rubbing, light fastness properties were explored. Moreover, hydrophilicity, nitrogen content (Kjeldahl Method), FTIR and ESCA analysis were performed on the sericin applied wool fabric samples. Pre-treatment with sericin was found to increase the hydrophilicity level of wool fibres. Pre-treatment with silk sericin also increased the colour yield of wool fibre dyed with Eriofast Red B and Eriofast Blue 3R. It was determined that the wool fibre fabrics pre-treated with sericin displayed sufficient colour and colour fastness values even after dyeing at lower dyeing temperatures.
Keywords: silk sericin, wool, dyeing, fastness, Bombyx mori, biopolymer

Citation: Eser, C.O., Yavas, A., Effect of silk sericin pre-treatment on dyeability of woollen fabric, In: Industria Textila, 2021, 72, 2, 203–209,   http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.072.02.1771

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Article: The impact of online marketing on the use of textile packaging: an approach to consumer behaviour

Authors: STEFAN-CLAUDIU CAESCU, FLORINA BOTEZATU, RALUCA-GIORGIANA CHIVU, IONUT-CLAUDIU POPA, MARGARETA STELA FLORESCU
Pages 210-216 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.072.02.202019
Published online: April 2021

Abstract

Online marketing is the act of utilizing online channels and tools to spread a message or idea about an organization’s image, items, or administrations to its potential clients. The strategies and methods used for Internet showcasing incorporate email, online networking, show promoting, website streamlining, Google AdWords, and that’s just the beginning.
Online marketing has become more and more used in recent years, whether it is about promoting products or services, or it is about ideas, concepts, and beliefs. Considering this aspect, this article aims to identify the influence of online communications on the adoption or acceptance by consumers of products packaged in textiles. In recent years there has been a significant discussion in the literature on the role and purpose of packaging (promotion, product protection, advertis
Keywords: attributes of packaging, behaviour influences, marketing concept, online marketing, textile packaging

Citation: Caescu, S.-c., Botezatu, F., Chivu, R.-G., Popa, I.-C., Florescu, M.S., The impact of online marketing on the use of textile packaging: an approach to consumer behaviour, In: Industria Textila, 2021, 72, 2, 210–216,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.072.02.202019

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Article: Thermal comfort properties of cool-touch nylon and common nylon knitted fabrics with different fibre fineness and cross-section

Authors: YANG YANG, YU XIN, WANG XUNGAI, LIU XIN, ZHANG PEIHUA
Pages 217-224 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.072.02.20209
Published online: April 2021

Abstract

Cool-touch nylon multi-filament yarns with good heat transfer performance are widely used in the development of knitted fabrics for summer and sports clothing. However, the physical properties of cool-touch nylon fibres, and the effect of fineness and cross-section on comfort-related properties of their knitted fabrics are still not well understood. In this study, the physical properties of cool-touch nylon fibres and common nylon fibres, and comfort properties of knitted fabrics from both fibre types were measured and compared. It was found that cool-touch nylon fibres have better moisture absorption, but slightly lower crystallinity than common nylon fibres. Regarding the fibre fineness and cross-section of cool-touch nylon and common nylon, knitted fabrics showed a similar dependence on thermal comfort properties. Cool-touch nylon fabrics had increased wicking capacity, thermal transfer, and cooling properties, but poorer drying performance and moisture permeability compared to common nylon fabrics. It was concluded that using nylon multi-filament yarns made up of finer filaments and cool touch filaments is an effective way to develop thermal-wet comfort knitted fabrics for summer and sports clothing applications.
Keywords: cool-touch nylon, physical performance, cross-section, fibre diameter, thermal comfort

Citation: Yang, Y., Xin, Y., Xungai, W., Xin, L., Peihua, Z., Thermal comfort properties of cool-touch nylon and common nylon knitted fabrics with different fibre fineness and cross-section, In: Industria Textila, 2021, 72, 2, 217–224,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.072.02.20209

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Article: Effect of plasma grafting with Hexamethyldisiloxane on comfort and flame resistance of cotton fabric

Authors: RIADH ZOUARI, SONDES GARGOUBI, EMILIA VISILEANU
Pages 225-230 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.072.02.1842
Published online: April 2021

Abstract

We investigated the potential of atmospheric plasma technology to enhance the properties of textile material against flame propagation before and after washing. The effects of this treatment on the rigidification of the media were also determined using draping and bending stiffness tests. We showed that deposing Silicone molecules on cotton fabrics leads to flame retardant cotton with a conservation of the whole structure after burning. Moreover, washing of the sample evidenced high permanency of the thin grafted coating against chemical domestic washing detergent. Nevertheless, comfort properties of the textile decrease, which limits the applications of the plasma eco-friendly technology in the clothing industry.
Keywords: plasma activation, Siloxane, comfort, flame resistance

Citation: Zouari, R., Gargoubi, S., Visileanu, E., Effect of plasma grafting with Hexamethyldisiloxane on comfort and flame resistance of cotton fabric, In: Industria Textila, 2021, 72, 2, 225–230,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.072.02.1842

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