Issue 2 / 2020

Article: Degradation behaviour in vitro of poly L-lactic acid (PLLA)/polycaprolactone (PCL) masterbatch

Authors: SHU-QIANG LIU, KAI-WEN WANG, YA-RU YANG, HUI-MIN LI, GAI-HONG WU, JUAN-JUAN YU, MING-FANG LIU, YAO ZHANG, PENG WANG, JIE ZHANG, AN XU, XIAO-LONG YIN, FU LI, MAN ZHANG
Pages: 99-104
DOI: 10.35530/IT.071.02.1628
Published online: April 2020

Abstract

In order to prepare the absorbable medical textile material with different degradation rates, two biopolymers of poly L-lactic acid (PLLA) and polycaprolactone (PCL) with different degradation rates, were mixed in different proportions, and made into PLLA/PCL masterbatch. The experiment of degradation in vitro was conducted to reveal the degradation behaviour of PLLA/PCL masterbatch, and the characteristics of masterbatch in degradation, such as surface morphol- ogy, chemical structure, crystallization, mass loss and strength, were analyzed. The results indicated that the surface of PLLA/PCL masterbatch was etched in degradation, and the larger proportion of PCL, the less etching and slower degra- dation. The ester bonds were hydrolyzed firstly, and the crystallization region in PLLA/PCL masterbatch was destroyed gradually to form a non-crystalline region in degradation. The degradation rate of PLLA in composite masterbatch was faster than that of PCL. With increasing of PCL involved in masterbatch, the mass loss rate of masterbatch in degrada- tion decreased. In addition, the more PCL involved in composite masterbatch, the lower breaking strength.
Keywords: poly L-lactic acid (PLLA), polycaprolactone (PCL), masterbatch, degradation behaviour, in vitro degradation

Citation: Liu, S.-Q., Wang, K.-W., Yang, Y.-R., Li, H.-M., Wu, G.-H., Yu, J.-J., Liu, M.-F., Zhang, Y., Wang, P., Zhang, J., Xu, A., Yin, X.-L., Li, F., Zhang, M., Degradation behaviour in vitro of poly L-lactic acid (PLLA)/polycaprolactone (PCL) masterbatch, In: Industria Textila, 2020, 71, 2, 99–104,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.071.02.1628

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Article: Comparison of sewn fabric bending rigidities obtained by heart loop method: effects of different stitch types and seam directions

Author: KARA SUKRAN
Pages 105-111 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.071.02.1647
Published online: April 2020

Abstract

Sewing quality is an important factor that contributes to the overall quality of an end-product. Sewing quality compro - mises different components such as bending, seam strength, seam slippage, elasticity etc. Among these components, bending has a special importance because of causing changes in appearance, sensorial comfort and drape of a garment. Therefore, in this study, effects of stitch type and seam direction on the bending rigidities of sewn fabrics were evaluated and compared. A polyester woven fabric which is suitable for sportswear was sewn with three basic stitch types (lock stitch, chain stitch and overlock stitch), in 5 different directions (warp, weft, 30°, 45° and 60° angles). As reference, samples without stitches were tested, too. Bending properties of samples were determined via heart loop method. According to the results, sewing increased the fabric bending rigidity. The degree of bending rigidity increment was dependent on the stitch type. Highest bending rigidity values were obtained for overlock stitched samples those were approximately 4 times higher when compared to non-sewn reference samples. Thickness of sewn parts was in accordance with the bending rigidity results. For oriented seams, bias sewing especially for 45˚ oriented samples, showed the most advantageous bending results. This study showed the usability of heart loop method for sewn samples via consistent results for different stitch types and seam directions.
Keywords: bending rigidity, heart loop method, sewn fabrics, stitch type, seam direction

Citation: Kara, S., Comparison of sewn fabric bending rigidities obtained by heart loop method: effects of different stitch types and seam directions, In: Industria Textila, 2020, 71, 2, 105–111,   http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.071.02.1647

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Article: Preserving textile objects in Romanian wooden churches. Case study of the heritage wooden church form Oradea, Romania

Authors: IOAN OANA, LILIANA INDRIE, AURELIA ONET, DORINA OANA, DORINA CAMELIA ILIEȘ, GRIGORE VASILE HERMAN, ALEXANDRU ILIEȘ, FLORIN MARCU
Pages 112-117 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.071.02.1633
Published online: April 2020

Abstract

It is important to investigate the indoor air quality, the microbial concentration of indoor air and surfaces for preserving the cultural heritage. In what regards the microclimate inside the historic monument, the wooden church, the temperature and relative humidity were monitored using the thermo-hygrometer with data function logger “Klimalogg Pro” (eight sensors), October-December 2018, the thermos-camera “Thermal Imaging Camera FLIR I7” and “Digi-Sense Data Logging Luxmeter”. Image analysis were also performed using digital image processing techniques (ARCGIS), mapping the areas damaged by temperature, humidity and also by rainwater infiltrated on canvas paintings, biodegradation, anthropically degraded areas etc. Isolation of microorganisms from the two canvas paintings and indoor air were taken though specific method, analyses showing the presence of microorganisms on the paintings, possible human pathogens especially for people with low immunity. A high fidelity database with the state of patrimony objects preserved in the Romanian wooden church and perspectives for their proper conservation could be created at a certain moment.
Keywords: heritage wooden church, microbial, microclimate, preserve, canvas paintings, Romania

Citation: Oana, I., Indrie, L., Onet, A., Oana, D., Ilieș, D.C., Herman, G.V., Ilieș, A., Marcu, F., Preserving textile objects in Romanian wooden churches. Case study of the heritage wooden church form Oradea, Romania, In: Industria Textila, 2020, 71, 2, 112–117,   http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.071.02.1633


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Article: Qualitative classification of woven fabrics produced from recycled threads of cotton and blends

Author: KALKANCI MIHRIBAN
Pages 118-123 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.071.02.1638
Published online: April 2020

Abstract

In this study, shirting fabrics were woven with weft threads produced from blends of recycled cotton fibers, original cotton fibers and original polyester fibers (100% original cotton, 100% recycled cotton, 35%/65% polyester/recycled cotton, 35%/65% polyester/original cotton, 50%/50% polyester/recycled cotton, 50%/50% polyester/original cotton). The produced fabrics were investigated in terms of fabric defects by using fabric quality control machines after wet treatment procedures have been carried out. The types and numbers of defects detected during quality control were recorded and graded according to Graniteville 78 Fabric Inspection System and were classified accordingly. All fabrics were evaluated in terms of fabric quality.
Keywords: recycled fabric, fabric quality, grading, tailorability

Citation: Mihriban, K., Qualitative classification of woven fabrics produced from recycled threads of cotton and blends, In: Industria Textila, 2020, 71, 2, 118–123,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.071.02.1638

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Article: AHP analysis of organizational culture in textile companies in Serbia

Authors: SLAVICA MILETIĆ, ŠIMŠIĆ ZDENKA STANOJEVIĆ, IVAN JOVANOVIĆ, MILAN RADIVOJEVIĆ, VESNA CONIĆ
Pages 124-131 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.071.02.1588
Published online: April 2020

Abstract

Organizational culture has attracted attention in research, as it affects not only the performance of employees, but also the overall efficiency and sustainability of the entire organization. An analysis of the organizational culture in textile companies is a problem that can be solved using the multi-criteria decision-making method (MCDM). The interest in analyzing organizational culture comes from the fact that culture influences the behavior of members of the organization, decision-making and the setting of strategic goals. Companies can confront the challenges in nowdays by choosing a strong and stable organizational culture. An approach based on the AHP method is proposed to solve this complex problem in this paper. The AHP method is convinient for organizational culture analysing by Hofsted’s dimensions of national culture and determining the severity of the criteria. The usability and effectiveness of the AHP approach has been considered in the empirical application of the proposed method for selecting an organizational culture in textile companies in Serbia.
Keywords: AHP method, efficiency, innovation, performance of employees, strategic goals, textile products

Citation: Miletić, S., Stanojević, Š.Z., Jovanović, I., Radivojević, M., Conić, V., AHP analysis of organizational culture in textile companies in Serbia, In: Industria Textila, 2020, 71, 2, 124–131,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.071.02.1588

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Article: Investigations of stretch and recovery properties of knitted socks

Authors: SIKANDER ABBAS BASRA, ABDUL WAQAR RAJPUT, BILAL ZAHID, NORINA ASFAND, ZEESHAN AZAM, HAFSA JAMSHAID
Pages 132-137 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.071.02.1671
Published online: April 2020

Abstract

Knitted fabrics are renowned for stretch properties which owe to their comfort properties such as formability, fitting to the human body and shape retention after wearing. Optimum stretch is basic requirement in knitted socks to support blood flow in legs and feet. This stretch is achieved with fabric structure type and material used in it. Different factors affect the stretch and recovery of sock, but most contributing factors are elastane percentage, main yarn material and finishing process type. Four different percentages of elastane in plaiting (4%, 6%, 8% and 10%), two main yarns materials (Cotton and Polyester/Cotton PC), and two finishing process types(Wash and bleach) were taken as level of input variables to study their effect on stretch and recovery. Stretch and recovery tests were performed on knitted sock tube. After testing, Minitab software was used for analysis of variance of obtained results using full factorial design. Significance of all factors and levels was analyzed. It was found that with the increase in elastane percentage stretch was decreased and recovery was increased. Cotton was found to have less stretch and more recovery percentage as compared to PC. Additionally it was observed that washing treatment produced significantly higher stretch and lesser recovery than bleaching. Similar trend was also observed in interaction plot indicating that all variables were dependent on each other.
Keywords: socks, elastane percentage, cotton, polyester/cotton PC, stretch, recovery, full factorial design

Citation: Basra, S.A., Rajput, A.W., Zahid, B., Asfand, N., Azam, Z., Jamshaid, H., Investigations of stretch and recovery properties of knitted socks, In: Industria Textila, 2020, 71, 2, 132–137,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.071.02.1671

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Article: Textile packaging - the connection between science and health

Authors: EFTALEA CĂRPUȘ, ANGELA DOROGAN, CRISTINA STROE
Pages 138-144 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.071.02.1636
Published online: April 2020

Abstract

According to the Report presented in the ONU Program for Development there are eight dimensions of international security (collective security) and national security: economic-social security, food security, environmental security, community security, personal security, political security and individual security, to which demographic security and military security could be added. Although there have been concerns about the nutrition status of the population since ancient times, it was only in the middle of the last century that the scientific and institutional bases of contemporary food and nutrition policies were laid. Food and nutrition policies are represented by a series of objectives, priorities, norms and decisions adopted by the invested factors and institutions with the competences necessary to ensure to the entire population the economic and social conditions for a good state of individual and public health. Packaging has become one of the most important functions of a product, of a commodity on the market. The packaging is part of the Food Contact Materials (FCMs) group, which should not affect the health of consumers or alter the quality of the products. The breadth and complexity of the socio-economic context in the food contact sector requires finding additional ways to adapt. In this context, the textile sector, respectively the field of technical textiles, through the potential of functionalities, can make a special contribution to achieving a level of coherence between the field of functionalized materials intended for food packaging – environment – consumer health – free movement of products – efficient functioning of the internal market.
Keywords: textile packaging, legislation, functions, requirements, principles

Citation: Cărpuș, E., Dorogan, A., Stroe, C., Textile packaging – the connection between science and health, In: Industria Textila, 2020, 71, 2, 138–144,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.071.02.1636

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Article: Development of free fluorine and formaldehyde oil and water repellent finishes for cotton fabrics through polymerization of bio-based stearic acid with carboxylic acids

Authors: SHARIF RABIA, MOHSIN MUHAMMAD, RAMZAN NAVEED, AHMAD SYED WAQAS, HAJI GHULAM QUTAB
Pages 145-155 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.071.02.1731
Published online: April 2020

Abstract

This research is an attempt to develop nontoxic and sustainable oil and water repellent which is fluorine and formaldehyde free. For this purpose, stearic acid was polymerized with formaldehyde free cross-linkers, such as maleic acid and acrylic acid. Sodium hypophosphite was used as a catalyst and triethanolamine as an enhancer during the polymerization. Polymerization conditions were optimized such as temperature, time and atmosphere. The prepared recipes were then applied onto the cotton fabrics. The obtained results reveal that the finished cotton fabrics achieves good oil and water repellency, crease resistance, soil resistance, and antimicrobial properties. In addition, the surface of finished cotton fabrics was characterized via SEM, EDX, FTIR, XRD, and TGA.
Keywords: oil and water repellency, maleic acid, acrylic acid, functional textile, eco-friendly

Citation: Rabia, S., Muhammad, M., Naveed, R., Waqas, A.S., Qutab, H.G., Development of free fluorine and formaldehyde oil and water repellent finishes for cotton fabrics through polymerization of bio-based stearic acid with carboxylic acids, In: Industria Textila, 2020, 71, 2, 145–155,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.071.02.1731

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Article: Characterization of fabrics coated with doped TiO2-graphene

Authors: IULIANA DUMITRESCU, OVIDIU-GEORGE IORDACHE, ELENA-CORNELIA MITRAN, ELENA PERDUM, IRINA-MARIANA SĂNDULACHE, LUCIA-OANA SECĂREANU, ARCADII SOBETKII
Pages 156-162 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.071.02.1625
Published online: April 2020

Abstract

This study presents the results of laboratory experiments to prepare cotton woven fabrics with photoactive properties. The fabric was treated with TiO2 – Fe(1%) – N + 2% graphene by exhaustion followed by a fluorocarbon polymer treatment. The fabric was analyzed by Scanning Electron Microscope coupled with Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (SEM/EDAX), Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Contact Angle measurement, physical properties (weight, thickness, breaking strength, elongation, air/water permeability, electrical resistance). The photocatalytic activity was determined initially and after 5 washings by measuring the trichromatic coordinates of the treated fabrics stained with methylene blue and exposed to UV and visible light on a Hunterlab UV-Vis spectrophotometer. The results demonstrate a uniform deposition of doped TiO2-graphene particles on material surface. The thermal stability of the coated cotton fabric is practically unmodified in comparison with blank cotton fabric. The decrease of the surface resistivity demonstrates the deposition of graphene layer, known for its good electrical conductivity. The wetting capacity of initial hydrophilic cotton fabric is dramatically modified, the fabric becoming hydrophobic after treatment. The photocatalytic efficiency is higher under visible light than under UV-radiation due to the TiO2 doping and decoration with graphene, which extend the light absorption from UV to visible range. The good photocatalytic activity under visible light is maintained after 5 washing cycles.
Keywords: doped TiO2-graphene, photocatalytic textiles, cotton fabrics, physical properties

Citation: Dumitrescu, I., Iordache, O.-G., Mitran, E.-C., Perdum, E., Săndulache, I-M., Secăreanu, L.-O., Sobetkii, A., Characterization of fabrics coated with doped TiO2-graphene, In: Industria Textila, 2020, 71, 2, 156–162,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.071.02.1625

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Article: Researches on the use of textile materials for protection against soil erosion

Authors: BOGDAN-IULIAN DOROFTEI, MIRCEA DEGERATU, GEORGETA BANDOC, OVIDIU-GEORGE IORDACHE, IOANA CORINA MOGA
Pages 163-167 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.071.02.1627
Published online: April 2020

Abstract

Erosion of sandy soil due to wind action is a global ecological problem with major implications both in the field of agriculture and in the socio-economic sphere. Erosion and sand transport have a negative effect both in the “active area” in which it occurs and outside it, not being a strictly defined phenomenon. The present paper deals with the problems due to the erosion of soils by wind, and the way of diminishing this phenomenon by using some protective textile screens placed transversely to the wind direction. The aim of the paper is to provide numerical contributions on wind interaction with permeable soil protection obstacles. For concrete data, a number of numerical simulations of the air flow in the atmospheric boundary layer area was carried out, in the presence of a wind barrier having different degrees of permeability, depending on the textile used, for the determination of the speed upstream and downstream of the obstacle. The program used for the numerical simulation is ANSYS Fluent™, a computational fluid dynamics software that uses a variety of equations for the modelling of fluid flow. The results obtained will be used as a basis for further research, based on scaled textile barriers models for physical experiments in the aerodynamic tunnel.
Keywords: environmental protection, wind soil erosion, protection textile screens, numerical simulations, turbulent k-ε model

Citation: Doroftei, B.-I., Degeratu, M., Bandoc, G., Iordache, O.-G., Moga, I.C., Researches on the use of textile materials for protection against soil erosion, In: Industria Textila, 2020, 71, 2, 163–167,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.071.02.1627

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Article: Antibacterial properties of wool fabrics treated with 8-hydroxyquinoline and boron compounds

Authors: TEZCAN ERDEM, BÜYÜKAKINCI BANU YEŞIM
Pages 168-173 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.071.02.1542
Published online: April 2020

Abstract

In this study, antibacterial properties of wool fabrics treated with 8-hydroxyquinoline (8HQ) and boron compounds were investigated against E. coli, B. subtilis, S. aureus and P. aeruginosa. Experimental group consisted of wool fabrics treated with 8HQ, boric acid (BA) and borax (BX) at 10 g/L concentration for each using the exhaust process. Control group consisted of untreated and silver nitrate treated wool fabrics. Treatments were performed using meta- and premordanting methods and homogenous distribution of treatment chemicals were confirmed with SEM and EDX images. Wool samples treated with a solution containing 8HQ+BX (10 g/L each) and 8HQ+BA+BX (10 g/L each) showed the highest level of antibacterial activity. Antibacterial activity decreased analogous with the decrease in 8HQ concentration however it was still present at the lowest concentration of 1 g/L for E. coli, B. subtilis and S. aureus. But at least 5g/L concentration of 8HQ was required for antibacterial activity against all four tested bacteria. Antibacterial properties decreased after 5 cycles of washing but did not completely disappear. These antibacterial wool products look promising for the medical fields because of their strong effects against bacteria which grow in wounds and cause nosocomial infections. In addition, using the meta-mordanting method was more effective in terms of saving energy, water and time compared to the pre- mordanting method.
Keywords: antibacterial, boric acid, borax, wool, 8-hydroxyquinoline

Citation: Erdem, T., Yeşim, B.B., Antibacterial properties of wool fabrics treated with 8-hydroxyquinoline and boron compounds, In: Industria Textila, 2020, 71, 2, 168–173,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.071.02.1542

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Article: Tensile and bending properties of flexible auxetic re-entrant honeycomb structures made by 3D printing

Authors: DU ZHAOQUN, XU QIAOLI, GU LONGXIN, ZHENG DONGMING, WANG QICAI
Pages 174-179 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.071.02.1565
Published online: April 2020

Abstract

The main content dealt with in the paper was to present a flexible auxetic re-entrant honeycomb fabric, which was made of a formulated thermoplastic polyurethane material PolyFlex with super elastic properties by 3D printing technology. The auxetic fabric shows perpendicular expansion under tension and is flexible. So, its special property makes auxetic fabric have great potential in future functional materials. Wherein, the honeycomb cell angle is a key factor affecting Poisson’s ratio of fabric. In this paper, flexible re-entrant honeycomb structures with different cell angle are manufactured using 3D printing technology. The shape change under tension of two directions were investigated. The re-entrant honeycomb structures presented negative Poisson’s ratio immediately when stretched. The shape change consisted of three stages in X1-direction, the same as that in X2-direction. A noticeable discovery was that the shape change in X1-direction posed an out-plane change after the first shape change stage, while the shape change in X2-direction always remained in-plane in the whole tension process. The tensile modulus tested was consistent with the tendency of theoretical analysis of previous work. The bending rigidities were tested and similar to fabrics of poplin and denim. The results indicate that the auxetic fabric is suitable for special clothing.
Keywords: flexible auxetic honeycombs, 3D printing, negative Poisson’s ratio, shape change, bending rigidity

Citation: Zhaoqun, D., Qiaoli, X., Longxin, G., Dongming, Z., Qicai, W., Tensile and bending properties of flexible auxetic re-entrant honeycomb structures made by 3D printing, In: Industria Textila, 2020, 71, 2, 174–179,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.071.02.1565

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Article: Perceived stress: role and levels of demographics - a cross-sectional study of textile industry employees

Authors: AHMAD AFTAB, HUSSAIN AMJAD, MUGHAL MOHAMMAD, MUFTI NADEEM, SALEEM MUHAMMAD, AHRAM TAREQ
Pages 180-185 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.071.02.1643
Published online: April 2020

Abstract

Work stress adversely affects individual and organizational performance. This paper aims at investigating the perceived stress among the employees of textile industry employees and how the employees’ perceived stress level (EPSL) is linked with different demographic variables. Data was collected from 1212 employees working in 23 export-based textile organizations using primarily Sheldon Cohen’s PSS-10. Descriptive analysis, t-tests, and ANOVA-tests were performed to achieve the objectives of the study. 70% of the participants were found to be undergoing stress amongst 21% were in the severe level of stress while 40% in higher level. The demographic variables: gender, marital status, salary, position, job experience, family size, and size of the organization, were found to have significant effect on the perceived stress levels. The study revealed numbers of variables (demographic) that directly or indirectly affect the employees’ perceived stress level (EPSL). There is a need to understand the complexity of stress phenomenon using a proactive approach, so that the stress management and interventions strategies can be designed to be effective and implemented accordingly. Findings of this research support the research community in an attempt to unfold complexity of stress phenomenon and study results can be utilized as a job design guideline for more acceptable and viable stress management interventions.
Keywords: demographics, employees, PSS-10, perceived stress, textile

Citation: Aftab, A., Amjad, H., Mohammad, M., Nadeem, M., Muhammad, S., Tareq, A., Perceived stress: role and levels of demographics – a cross-sectional study of textile industry employees, In: Industria Textila, 2020, 71, 2, 180–185,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.071.02.1643

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Article: Functionalization of textile materials with bioactive polymeric systems based on propolis and cinnamon essential oil

Authors: LAURA CHIRILĂ, GABRIELA CRISTINA CONSTANTINESCU, ANGELA DANILA, ALINA POPESCU, ROXANA RODICA CONSTANTINESCU, IRINA-MARIANA SĂNDULACHE
Pages 186-192 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.071.02.1793
Published online: April 2020

Abstract

In order to obtain the textile materials with potential for use in the treatment of inflammatory skin conditions, this study approached the laboratory experiments related to depositing by padding of oil-in-water emulsions type based on chitosan-propolis-cinnamon essential oil. In this regard, seven experimental variants of emulsions were prepared and then characterized by specific methods from physical-chemical and stability point of view. The chitosan-propoliscinnamon essential oil-based emulsions were then immobilized on a knitted textile structure from 100% organic cotton. The functionalized textile materials were characterized from morphological and antibacterial activity point of view. pH values obtained for the synthesized polymeric systems were in the range 4.67–4.88 and electrical conductivity of the emulsions increases with the concentration of the hydrophilic phase in the system, the highest values were registered for the emulsion code R4CSP developed with the smallest volume fraction of water. The stability index over a period of 10 days indicated that emulsions are stable, not showing the presence of one of the flocculation, creaming / sedimentation, coalescence or Ostwald ripening phenomena. The highest values of emulsifying activity index were obtained for the R7CSP, emulsion developed with the smallest volume fraction of water. The highest value of viscosity was obtained for the experimental variant R4CSP in which the highest volume fraction of chitosan and the smallest volume fraction of water were used. The textile materials treated with synthesized emulsions based on chitosanpropolis- cinnamon essential oil have antibacterial effect against the S. aureus test strain, with inhibition zones between 1.5 mm (R2CSP and R7CSP) and 4 mm (R6CSP).
Keywords: functionalized textiles, bioactive compounds, chitosan, cinnamon essential oil, propolis

Citation: Chirilă, L., Constantinescu, G.C., Danila, A., Popescu, A., Constantinescu, R.R., Săndulache, I.-M., Functionalization of textile materials with bioactive polymeric systems based on propolis and cinnamon essential oil, In: Industria Textila, 2020, 71, 2, 186–192,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.071.02.1793

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Article: Romania's participation in FP7 and H2020: a comparative approach in the context of the new EU member countries

Authors: MONICA DUDIAN, DANIELA VASILE, MARGARETA STELA FLORESCU
Pages 193-196 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.071.02.1813
Published online: April 2020

Abstract

The main objective of the paper is to provide a general overview on Romania’s ability to attract European funds for research, development and innovation. The paper compares the participation of the former communist countries of Europe in FP7 and H2020. The main conclusions of the analysis are: EU12 presents cumulative participation in the research framework programs far below Western Europe; the productivity of EU12 research staff, measured by the ability to attract European funds, has increased significantly, but there are large gaps between the countries analysed; Romania has seen an improvement in the participation in the two European programs, but remains on the last place in terms of EU contribution per inhabitant.
Keywords: EU funding, H2020, FP7, EU12, Romania

Citation: Dudian, M., Vasile, D., Florescu, M.S., Romania’s participation in FP7 and H2020: a comparative approach in the context of the new EU member countries, In: Industria Textila, 2020, 71, 2, 193–196,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.071.02.1813

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